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  • Philipp Süssmann

Circular Design Principles

Updated: Jan 7

Here are a few design principles that can help Designers to create more sustainable products.


1. Design for trust and attachment

- encourages bond between user and product

- increases products lifespan because user is less likely to throw it away


2. Design for durability

- design for expected lifespan of a product


3. Design for standardisation and compatibility

- product parts are interchangeable to enable repair and life expansion

- enables re-use and reduces overall consumption

- one product can be used for different purposes

( eg. iphone charger works for both iphone and ipad)


4. Design for maintenance and repair

- in some countries labor cost is very high and in can be more expensive to repair a product than buying a new one.

- reducing number of components and how they are joined can help companies to reduce repair time and cost. This can also help the customer to repair the product themselves. However, spare part availability is crucial.


5. Design for adaptability and upgradability

- this allows for future product modification

- functional updates allows products function to change over time (eg. child's high chair that can grow with the child)

- technical updates such as updates to op's allows products to adapt to technological change.


6. Design for ease of dis- and reassembly

- design products and parts in a way that they can be taken apart easily and repaired.


7. Design for recycling

- increase material recoverability

- avoid use of mixed materials


8. Design for de- materialization

- eg. reducing packaging or using nano materials

- eg. product as a service